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BEST 
BROS. 

KEENE'S 
CEMENT 



1ST. IMS 



|(eene's(ement] 



TRADE MARK 



SPECIFICATIONS and 
DIRECTIONS for USE 



>1 



* 



ft 



p 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 




EST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT is made 
by the original manufacturers of this material in 
the United States — the only firm in America 
making Keene's Cement exclusively. While 
many years* experience is required to produce a uniformly 
perfect Keene's Cement, knowledge of the process of manu- 
facture alone is not sufficient. No matter how good a mate- 
rial may be, satisfactory results cannot be obtained unless it 
is correctly applied. 

THEREFORE, in this booklet we give the specifi- 
cations and directions for use which our experience of a 
quarter of a century has proved to be the best adapted for 
securing satisfactory work. More detailed information on 
any subject mentioned will be gladly furnished on request. 






The Best Bros. Keene's 
Cement Co. 

Est. 1889 
MEDICINE LODGE, KANSAS 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



May 1, 1917 



ii 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



To The Architect: 

Your special attention is 
called to pages 8 to 14. 



Copyrighted, 1917 
THE BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT CO. 




,7 BROS KE MENT 









ONTENTS 








































































\\ 





















































BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 







HE FIRST ES- 
SENTIAL in 

manufacturing 
Keene's Ce- 
ment is purity of the raw 
material. Government re- 
ports show the rock in our 
quarry to be practically 
pure. We know of no other 
deposit like it. 



(Keenes(emekt) 

%2v 



H 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Made in Four Grades 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR" is the grade 
used for all general plastering and finishing purposes. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S "FINE" is made from spe- 
cially selected handpicked rock to ensure purity of color, 
and is ground somewhat finer than the Regular. It is 
used for castings, running mouldings, finishing columns 
and other ornamental plastering, and is extensively 
employed in the manufacture of Artificial Caen Stone 
Finish. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S "COARSE" is a very slow- 
setting, coarsely ground material used for backing up 
artificial marble. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S "SUPERFINE" is used 
for facing artificial marble. It is slow-setting, excep- 
tionally fine ground, pure white, and has a high tensile 
strength. 

There are no universally recognized standards for 
Keene's Cement. Each manufacturer makes his own. The 
time of set and fineness of grinding are occasionally varied 
to suit the conditions under which the material is to be used, 
but the tensile strength should be uniformly high. Below 
are the minimum requirements which every sack of our mate- 
rial must pass before being shipped. As a general rule our 
Keene's Cement will exceed the figures given by 25%. 



Tensile strength, in lbs. per 
sq. in., 7 days in air . . . 



Regular 

350 



Fine 

400 



Coarse 



Super- 
fine 



500 550 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 

"The Plaster That Stands Hard Knocks" 






Five 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



What It Really Is 

With the exception of lime, practically all plastering 
materials for interior use may be broadly divided into two 
classes, both having their origin in Gypsum rock — namely, 
hard wall plasters and Keene's Cement. 

In the manufacture of hard wall plaster, the Gypsum 
rock is first ground, then calcined for a short period at a low 
temperature, forming a very quick-setting material known 
as plaster of paris. To this are added chemicals to retard 
the set, also hair, fibre or such other ingredients as may be 
necessary. 




^Dicine LOO 61 / 



.» 



With BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT the pro- 
cess is entirely different. At no stage of the manufacture 
does Keene s Cement resemble in any manner plaster of 
pans, and no free chemicals or retarders enter into its com- 
position. In the hands of experienced workmen the material 
goes through the various processes necessary to produce 
Keene s Cement, and it is packed in a pure form without the 
addition of hair, fibre or any other materials. From the 
moment the rock enters the mill, until the finished product 
pours into the sacks ready for shipment, the process differs 
at every point from the method of manufacturing other 
plastering materials. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT contains no 

retarder: can be retempered as often as necessary; is com- 
paratively slow-setting, and is very hard and strong, without 
being brittle. It can be worked over thoroughly until all 
marks of joinings or other inequalities are removed ; and as 
■t can be retempered. there is no danger of "dead" plaster 






BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 






being applied to the walls, thus doing away with a fruitful 
source of future trouble. 

The hard, close grained surface of a wall plastered 
with BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT forms an 
ideal base for painting or enameling. The expense of sizing 
is unnecessary, and the work can be started within a few 
days after the plastering is completed, thus dispensing with 
the usual delay. The most delicate colors may be safely 
applied, as there is no free alkali in BEST BROS. 
KEENE'S CEMENT. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT is occasionally 
regarded as merely a superior variety of retarded hard 
plaster, whereas it is the direct opposite of this. It is the 
absence of unsanitary retarders, and the close, firm, germ- 
proof texture of the plaster that have been responsible for 
the use of our material in so many large hospitals, schools 
and other buildings where sanitation plays such an important 
part. 

We do not recommend the use of Keene's Cement of 
any brand for exterior purposes. While it will stand ex- 
posure to moisture better than other interior plastering mate- 
rials, it is not hydraulic, and will in time wear away when 
exposed to severe weather conditions. 

Properly applied, BEST BROS. KEENE'S CE- 
MEN 1 i> permanent. It not only sets slowly, but hardens 
slowly, and a wall plastered with it grows stronger and more 
durable the longer it stands. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT does not de- 
teriorate with age, as do ordinary plasters. If stored in a 
dry warehouse, it actually improves with keeping. 

Named after the discoverer of the process, "Keene's" 
Cement has for nearly three-quarters of a century been the 
acknowledged standard in high-class plastering materials. 

We have spent twenty-five years in bringing BEST 
BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT to its present state of per- 
fection, and the experience and reputation for quality that 
we have acquired in that period stand behind every sack 
of material shipped under our brand. 




TRADE MARK 



5 t v e n 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Specifications Suitable for the Use 
of Architects 



PLASTERING 

All plastering shall be done with BEST BROS. 
KEENE'S CEMEN 1 mixed and applied according to 
the specifications of the manufacturer, provided they do not 
conflict with the requirements herein. 

-With Keene's Cement and Lump Lime 



THREE COAT WORK On Wood or Metal Lath 

(A). Scratch Coat, shall be mixed in the following propor- 
tions: To one barrel of lime paste add three barrels of "sand and 
plenty of good well beaten, water soaked, long winter slaughtered 
cattle hair. Gauge each cubic yard of this mixture with three (3) 
bags Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" of one hundred (100) lbs. 
each. Keene's Cement and sand to be mixed dry before adding 
lime paste. 

(B). Brown Coat. To one barrel of lime paste add four 
barrels of sand, and gauge each cubic yard of this m.xture with 
three (3) bags of Keene's Cement as above. Keene's Cement and 
sand to be mixed dry before adding lime paste. 

(C.) Finish Coat. To each one hundred (100) pounds of 
Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" add two pails of lime paste. 

TWO COAT WORK On Tile and Brick Work , 

Brown Coat. Use Brown Coat (B) om.tting Scratch Coat. 
Finish Coat. To each one hundred (100) pounds of Best 
Bros. Keene's "REGULAR add two pails of l.me paste. 

ONE COAT WORK <On Concrete 

To each one hundred (100) pounds of Best Bros. Keene's 
REGULAR" add two pails of lime paste. 






Eight 






BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



-With Keene's Cement and Hydrated Lime- 



THREE COAT WORK (On Wood or Metal Lath 

(A). Scratch Coat, shall consist of equal parts of dry hydrat- 
ed lime and Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" in proportions of 
1 cu. ft. of Hydrated Lime, 1 cu. ft. of Best Bros. Keene's 
"REGULAR" and not to exceed 5 cu. ft. of sand, in which shall 
be thoroughly and evenly incorporated plenty of good, well beaten, 
water soaked, long winter slaughtered cattle hair. 

(B). Brown Coat, shall consist of equal parts of dry hydrated 
lime and Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" in proportions of 1 cu. 
ft. of Hydrated Lime, 1 cu. ft. Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" 
and not to exceed 7 cu. ft. of sand. 

(C). Finish Coat, shall be mixed in proportions of 400 lbs. 
Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" and 100 lbs. of dry hydrated 



TWO COAT WORK (On Tile and Brick Work) 

Brown Coat. Use Brown Coat (B) omitting Scratch Coat. 
Finish Coat. Shall be mixed in proportions of 400 lbs. Best 
Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" and 100 lbs. of dry hydrated lime. 

ONE COAT WORK (On Concrete) 

Finish Coat. Shall be mixed in proportions of 400 lbs. Best 
Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" and 100 lbs. of dry hydrated lime. 



BRICK AND TILE SURFACES 

All brick and tile surfaces shall be thoroughly broomed 
off and washed before the mortar is applied, and shall be 
damp when it is applied. 

CONCRETE SURFACES 

Concrete or cement surfaces shall be washed and scrub- 
bed with a steel brush so as to remove all dust and loose 
particles. The surface shall then be thoroughly washed 
with a ten per cent solution of muriatic acid in water. The 
concrete must be thoroughly dampened while the plaster is 
applied. The one coat finish plaster applied to this shall 
be a thin coat thoroughly troweled and worked into the 









Nine 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



surface of the concrete to make adhesion perfect. Any 
plastered surfaces that are loose and not properly attached 
to the concrete after the mortar has dried out must be cut 
out and done over again, and sufficient area shall be thus 
removed to make a uniform surface without having the ap- 
pearance of patch work. 

LIME 

Hydrated lime shall be soaked in water tight boxes for 
24 hours before using. 

Lump lime shall be prepared and run through a fine 
sieve, ^.-inch mesh, and properly stored and protected for 
a sufficient time before using to ensure all particles being 
thoroughly slaked. 

LATHING 

Metal lath shall be either painted or galvanized. Wood 
lath shall be of a good grade, free from knots, sap and bark 
(white pine preferred). It shall be thoroughly dampened 
before plaster is applied. 

MOULDINGS 

Mouldings shall be run straight and true, using metal 
templates with profiles as given on full sized details. 

ORNAMENTAL WORK 

The ornamental plaster work shall be cast Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement, set in place and securely anchored (as 
hereinbefore specified). 

ALTERNATIVE FINISHES 

Smooth Hard Finish (for bathroom wainscots and 
similar work). Use Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" 
neat. No lime to be added. (If an extra fine white finish 
is required use Best Bros. Keene's "FINE".) 

Sand Float Finish. To one barrel of lime paste add 
four barrels of sand, and gauge with three bags of Best 
Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" of 100 lbs. each. Keene's 
Cement and sand to be mixed dry before adding lime paste. 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 

Specifications 
For Ornamental Work 

LATHING 

If the work is to be applied to lathed surfaces, only 
coated or galvanized metal lath shall be used. 

PLASTERING 

Scratch and Brown Coats shall be mixed in the same 
proportions as specified for wall surfaces. Allow scratch 
coat to dry and brown out to within one-fourth inch of the 
finish coat with a muffled mould. The finish coat shall be 
applied while the Brown Coat is green. 

RUN WORK 

All mouldings, window stools, door and window trim 
and work of like character shall be run in Best Bros. Keene's 
"FINE." 

CORNICES 

The finish coat for cornices shall be mixed in propor- 
tions of 400 lbs. Best Bros. Keene's "FINE" and 100 lbs. 
dry hydrated lime. 

CAST WORK 

Ornamental work of every kind, excepting only run 
mouldings and cornices as previously specified, shall be cast 
with Best Bros. Keene's "FINE," used neat. Add only 
sufficient water to bring it to the consistency of a thick paste. 
It shall be thoroughly pressed and worked into place, making 
all members neat and clean. 









£/even 






FINISH COAT 

Use Smooth Finish. (See "FINISHES.") 






BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Plasterers' Quantities 
GROUNDS 

Wood lath, 7 /& inch. Metal lath, Yl inch. Brick 
tile, ] /i inch. 

SAND 

Must be screened, clean and sharp. 

LIME 

If lime putty be used, it must be well slaked, run 
through a fine mesh sieve, and allowed to cool in its bed 
for a sufficient time before being used. 

Hydrated lime shall be soaked in water-tight boxes for 
at least twelve hours before using. (See also Page 21.) 

WOOD OR METAL LATH-Thr ee co.i wo* 

To each 1 00 sq. yds. surface. 

SCRATCH COAT 

3 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR," 

of 1 00 lbs. each. 
2 bushels of lime (or 200 lbs. dry hydrated lime). 
1 bushel good, washed hair. 
y^ cu. yd. good, clean, sharp sand. 
Scratch well and let the wall get hard before applying the 
second coat. On metal lath more hair must be used, ac- 
cording to the mesh of the lath. 

BROWN COAT 

2 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR" 

of 100 lbs. each. 
1 Yi bushels of lime (or 150 lbs. dry hydrated lime). 
% cu. yd. good, clean, sharp sand. 
This coat must be left under the straight edge and brought 
to a true and level surface. 






Twelve 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



LAID OFF WORK 

Omit scratching and apply second coat immediately 
after the first. 

BRICK OR TILE— Two Coat Work 
To each 100 sq. yds. surface. 

SCRATCH COAT 

4 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR" 

of 1 00 lbs. each. 
2/2 bushels of lime (or 250 lbs. dry hydrated lime). 
1 Yi cu. yds. good, clean, sharp sand. 

FINISH COAT 

Use Smooth Finish. (See "FINISHES.") 

CONCRETE WALLS AND CEILINGS 

New concrete should not be plastered until it has prop- 
erly dried out. Before applying plaster to concrete surfaces, 
they must be well swept off with a wire broom to remove 
all dirt and dust and washed with a 10% solution of muri- 
atic acid and water (one quart acid to a bucket of water) . 
The concrete must be dampened while the plaster is applied. 
Whenever possible concrete ceilings should be done in one 
coat, using sand float finish or smooth finish. If two-coat 
work be specified on concrete, the following proportions 
should be used: 

To each 100 sq. yds. surface. 

BASE COAT 

3 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR," 
of 1 00 lbs. each. 

bushel of lime (or 100 lbs. dry hydrated lime), 
cu. yd. good, clean, sharp sand. 



1 

Vi 



FINISH COAT 

Use Smooth Finish. (See "FINISHES.") 






Thirteen 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 


1 FINISHES 


To each 100 sq. yds. surface. 


SMOOTH FINISH 


4 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR." 


of 100 lbs. each. 


1 bushel of lime (or 100 lbs. dry hydrated lime). 



This finish coat shall be put on in the best possible manner 
and troweled to a smooth polished surface. If the brown 
coat is bone dry, sprinkle with clean water ahead of the 
finish. Do not trowel to a finish until nearly set. 

SMOOTH HARD FINISH 

(For bathrooms, wainscoting and similar work.) 

acks BEST BROS. KEENE'S ••REGULAR:' 
of 100 lbs. each. No lime to be added. If an extra fine 
white finish is required, use BEST BROS. KEENE'S 
"FINE." 



s\ND FLOAT FINISH 

2 sacks BEST BROS. KEENE'S "REGULAR," 

of 100 lbs. each. 

1 bushel of lime (or 100 lbs. dry hydrated lime). 
1 3 cu. yd. good, clean, sharp sand. 

See also "Directions for Mixing and Applying" on 
page 1 5. 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 

Directions for Mixing and Applying 
BASE COAT 

First mix the Keene's Cement in a dry form with an 
equal amount of sand, then add plenty of clean water. 
Break up the initial set. Add sand and water to the lime 
putty, also hair for the scratch coat. Dampen thoroughly, 
then pull the two piles together, adding sand and water until 
of the proper consistency and proportions. 

If more Keene's Cement is required, first mix the same 
in a DRY form with sand, so that it will not become lumpy 
/ when added to the mortar. 

The mortar should be stiff, so as not to drop behind 
the lath. 

If the base coat is to be applied over gypsum blocks, 
it is important that the blocks be well dampened with water 
before plastering. 

Brick and tile and concrete surfaces should also be thor- 
oughly swept off and dampened before plaster is applied. 

FINISH COAT 

Mix the Keene's Cement with plenty of clean water. 
Break up the initial set. Lime may be added if specified, 
but never in a larger proportion than two parts of lime putty 
to three of Keene's Cement. 

Rough on the finish, and ALLOW IT TO SET until 
a trowel rings when passed over it, then trowel smooth, 
using as LITTLE WATER as possible. This is im- 
portant, for if water is used too freely, the finish coat is 
simply retempered and floated, which does not give the 
smooth, polished surface that should be obtained with 
Keene's Cement. 

Mortar should be applied thin, so as to spread evenly 
without curling. 









Fifteen 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Finish should be laid on immediately after the second 
coat has set, and before suction has commenced. If the 
brown coat is bone dry, it should be sprinkled with water 
ahead of the finish. 

DO NOT TRY TO WORK OUT ANY SMALL 
AIRHOLES that may appear when the Keene's Cement 
finish is first applied, as they will all disappear before the 
final troweling. 

By using two boxes, and taking mortar from them alter- 
nately, one laborer can mix sufficient finish to keep five or 
six plasterers busy. The plasterers' time is not taken up in 
mixing the finish, and they can thus cover one-third more 
surface than when lime and plaster of paris are used. 



IMPORTANT 

Do not try to trowel a Keene's Cement finish as 
soon as it is applied. Let it stand for a few minutes 
—THEN trowel to a hard smooth finish. 

Do not throw a Keene's Cement mixture away 
because it starts to SET either in the box or on the 
board. Add more water and retemper. You can't 
kill Best Bros. Keene's Cement. 



Sixteen 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 






Wainscoting in Bathrooms, Kitchens 
and Corridors 

To secure absolute sanitation, the base and cap moulds 
should first be run in BEST BROS. KEENER CE- 
MENT "FINE," and the space between filled in as in 
ordinary plastering. It is customary to run the cap mould 
about 4 feet 6 inches from the floor. 

As the wainscoting is the part of the wall most likely 
to sustain injury from rough usage, it should be as strong 
as possible, and very little, if any, lime should be used in 
the finish coat. 

When laying off wainscots in imitation of tiling, the 
finish should be sufficiently hard for the marking tool to 
cut sharply defined lines without tearing the wall. In the 
absence of a proper tool, the handle end of a file will often 
give satisfactory results. As a general rule it is well to wait 
for twelve or fourteen hours after the plastering is completed 
before using the marking tool. 

Another method is to allow the finish coat to dry out 
thoroughly, then mark it off into blocks of the required size 
with a blue pencil, such as carpenters use, making the lines 
about one-eighth of an inch wide. The work is then fin- 
ished with two or three coats of a good transparent varnish. 
While the above methods are often followed, a more 
pleasing and durable effect is obtained by leaving the finish 
in a smooth state, and not marking it off to reproduce tiling. 
A Keene's Cement wall is good enough to stand on its own 
merits without being made in imitation of a less satisfactory 
material. 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT is not water- 
proof. It will stand more moisture than any other interior 
plastering material, but where it is desired to wash the wa Is 
or wainscoting frequently, the same should be either enamel- 
ed or given some other surface treatment. 

For the cost of Keene's Cement wainscots see Page 20. 



Seventeen 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Cost of Using Best Bros. Keene's 
Cement 

So many factors enter into the cost of finished plastering 
that it is not practicable to name prices that would apply 
equally over any large part of the country. The cost of 
materials and labor in the local market, and the state of 
business, will frequently cause marked variations in plaster- 
ing estimates. 

As a general rule, three coat work done with BEST 
BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT will cost about 5c a square 
yard more than hard wall plaster. This alternate applies 
generally throughout the Central States. In the Pacific and 
Atlantic coast states it would be better to figure about 8c 
per square yard more for Keene's Cement than for hard wall 
plaster. 

Ornamental plastering executed in Keene's Cement is 
usually figured at about 10c per square yard more than 
when ordinary casting plaster is used. 

In using Keene's Cement for wainscots, very little, if 
any, lime should be used in the finish coat, which can either 
be left smooth or marked off in imitation of tiling. (See 
Page 1 7.) The total cost of this class of work, including 
enameling, will usually run about 90c per square yard, with 
an additional 10c a running fool for cap and base mould- 
ings. This is only a fraction of the cost of tiling, and it 
eliminates the cost of repairs, which are so frequently nt. 
sary when tiles are used. 

There is very little difference in final cost between lump 
lime and hydrated lime for mixing with Keene's Cement. 
Many contractors figure that the higher initial cost of the 
hydrated lime is balanced by the time, space and labor that 
is saved by its use, and therefore do not make an extra 
charge for it. 






Twenty 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



On large jobs we recommend the use of a power mixer 
for mixing the materials required for the base coats. This 
riot only effects a saving in labor, but also thoroughly com- 
bines the different ingredients of the mortar. For this class 
of work a continuous mixer is considered the best type. 

For three coat work, done in accordance with our 
specifications, the actual covering capacity of a ton of BEST 
BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT is 220 square yards. 



Difference Between Hydrated and 
Lump Limes 

We are frequently asked whether Hydrated Lime can 
be used in place of Lump Lime for mixing with BEST 
BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT. Lime may be used in 
either of the above forms, but owing to the variation in the 
sand-carrying capacity of the different brands of hydrated 
lime, a contractor should figure on using a full 1 00 lbs. of 
hydrated lime in place of each bushel of lump lime. 

The figures given in the following comparison are taken 
from tests made between two of the best-known brands of 
lime on the market. These figures will vary slightly for 
different kinds of lime, according to chemical composition 
and efficiency in burning, but for general purposes they are 
accurate. 
100 lbs. Lump Lime 100 lbs. Hydrated Lime 

1 . 1 5 . . cu. ft. displacement 3.59 

3.27. .cu. ft. of putty 2.63 

272.00. .lbs. of putty 228.00 

83.20. .weight of 1 cu. ft. of putty in lbs 86.90 

30.50. .lbs. required to produce 1 cu. ft. of putty. 38.00 

While the above table shows that 30 J/^ lbs. of lump 
lime will produce as much putty as 38 lbs. of hydrated 
lime when it comes to sand-carrying capacity the best brands 
of hydrated lime will nearly off-set this difference, and, 
pound for pound, will carry practically as much sand as 
the lump lime. 



Twenty-One 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Castings 

Castings made with BEST BROS. KEENE'S CE- 
MENT possess a strength and richness of texture not ob- 
tainable with any other materials. The natural surface of 
a Keene's Cement casting is an egg-shell gloss but it can 
be polished to a marble like lustre if desired. If a small 
quantity of mica dust be sprinkled in the mould, the re- 
sulting cast will have the rich, sparkling appearance of un- 
polished marble. 

If plaster moulds are used, they should be given five 
or six very thin coats of sweet oil, brushed well in. This 
is the best method of greasing the mould to prevent the cast 
showing oil stains, 

After the Keene's Cement has been poured into the 
mould, it should be left undisturbed until it has set. Shaking 
the mould while the Keene's Cement is still in a liquid form 
does not drive out the air-bubbles, as some people seem to 
think, but merely forces them to the face of the casting. 

The way to avoid air-bubbles in castings is to mix the 
Keene's Cement to the consistency of cream, and then pour 
in a small amount of the material, tilting the mould so that 
the Keene's Cement covers all the face of the mould with 
a very thin skim of material. Repeat this operation three 
or four times, and then fill the mould. 

The time of setting may be materially hastened by using 
about 5 per cent of a freshly calcined, high-grade plaster of 
paris. On no account should more than one part of planter 
of pans to twenty parts of Keene's Cement be used. 

In making castings for Artificial Marble or Caen Stone, 
it is necessary to mix the material into a fairly stiff paste, 
which has to be thoroughly pressed and worked into all parts 
of the mould. When the cast is removed from the mould, 
any airholes can then be filled in with the same material as 
was used in making the cast. This filling in should always 
be done with wooden floats or pointers; steel tools should 
not be used for the work. 



Twentx • Tuo 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



NOTES 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT will keep in- 
definitely if stored in a dry warehouse. It does not dete- 
riorate with age, but on the contrary improves. 















It is quite satisfactory to apply a finish coat of BEST 
BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT over a base coat of hard 
wall plaster, although better results are of course obtained 
if both base and finish coats are done with BEST BROS. 
KEENE'S CEMENT. 

# # # 

Do not use too much lime in the finish coat. The pro- 
portion should never exceed two parts of lime to three parts 
of BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT. 

# * # 

BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT can safely be 
remixed as often as necessary. If it starts to set up and 
harden, either in the mixing box or on the board, just add 
a little water and re-mix. It positively will not "kill." 

# # * 

A Keene's Cement finish can be troweled until it is 
perfect — until all marks of joinings are taken out and a 
smooth, level surface is obtained. It will not go "dead," 
however long you work it. 

It is not advisable to mix coloring matter with Keene's 
Cement or any other plastering material, as the wall will 
usually dry out streaky and uneven in shade. If a colored 
wall is desired, first plaster it, then paint the plaster. 






BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT is carried in 
stock by the leading dealers of practically every large city 
in the United States as well as in many of the smaller cities. 



Trventy-Threc 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



A Partial List of Buildings Wherein Best 
Bros. Keene's Cement Has Been Used 

FEDERAL BUILDINGS 



BUILDIM- LOCATION- 

Senate Office Building. Washington, D. C. . 

U. S, House Office Building. 

Conference Room Washington, D. C. . 

Capitol, Senate and 
House Office Bldgs. Sub- 
ways Washington, D. C. . 

Chicago, 111 . 

I'enltentiary Atlanta, Ga 

Immigrant Detention 
Bldg Glouct- 

Tort Bliss Texas 

U. S. Fort Russell Cheyenne, \\ 

U. S, Post Office Washington, D. C . . 

U. S. Post Office Bellingham, Wash . 

U. S. Post Office Dothan, Ala 

U. S. Post Office Alpena, Mich 

U. S. Post Office Mattoon, III 

U. S. Post Office Trinidad, Colo 

U. S, Post Office Iola, Kans 

U. S. Post Office Hattiesburg, Miss . . 

U. S. Post Office Wabash, Ind 

U. S. Post Office Mt. Clemen- 

U. S. Post Office Independence, Kans 

U. S. Post Office V Wis 

U. S. Post Office le, Mo 

U. S. Post Office Johnstown, Pa 

U. S. Post Office Paragould, Ark 

U. S. Post Office Laurens, S- • 

U. S. Post Office ■ harleroi. Pa 

U. S. Post Office Johnston a, N V . 

U. S. Post Office Harrisburg, Hi 

U. S. Post Office Brownwood, Tex . . . 

U. S. Post Office Ottum * 

U. S. Post Office etc 111. ... 

U. S. Post Office Sistersvllle, v. 

U. S. Post Office Xenia, Ohio 

U. S. Post Office Cedartown, Ga 

V. S. Post Office Brookfield. M 

Q. S. Post Office Lebanon, Tenn 

U. S. Post Office Pasadena, Calif 



ARCHITKt I - 

Elliott Woods and Car- 
rere & Hastings 

Elliott Woods and Car- 
rere & Hastings 

.Elliott Woods and Car- 

rere & Hastings 
Jarvis Hunt 
Eames & Young 



tnent 

Goven.' 
Government 
Burnham & 

ment 
Government 
Government 

ment 
Government 

merit 

Government 
ment 
Goverii' 

Government 
Government 

ment 

rnent 

Government 

Govern- 

Government 

tnent 
Govern 1 

Government 

Govern' 

Government 



STATE AND PUBLIC BUILDINGS 

BUILDINGS. I o< kTIONS. ARCHITECTS. 

State Educational BuildingAlba. .... Palmer & Hornbostel 

State Library & Supreme 

Court Hartford, Conn Donn Barber 

State Capitol Jackson. Miss Theo C Link 

State Caph Santa Fe, N M A W M. Rapp 

State Capitol Madison. w g ns 

State Asylum Bangor. Me J 

State Asylum Yankton, S j.. L. C. M 

irl State Library Columbia. M 

of Pennsylvania Phil... d80n 

i Diversity of Minnesota ... Minneapolis. Minn. C M 

National Museum Washington. I . C. J and Mar- 
Jefferson Memorial ... lig> j[o Isaac Taylor 

Memorial Building Dayton, Ohio w E 1 

Allegheny Co. Soldiers' 

Memorial Pa Palmer & li 

~ a * s Wm. Wella I 

Hudson County I j Hugh 

Olathe County C. H Seo. F Washburn 

Hardin County C. If Kenton, Ohio . ... v and 

Bulf<.rd 



Twenty-Four 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 


si \ I l \\n im BLIC Bl ILD1N< IS < led 


in ii Dl m CATION! 


Mill. 1 * 


































































HOOLS COLLEGES 1 


i •»< ITIONM 


■ 


1 






































' 






















\i 












■ 




















BANKS 




■ ill' V 1 |ONl 


1 - 
















































- 














'■ 









BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



OFFICE AND BUSINESS BUILDINGS 

III ILIUM.* LOCATION^ AIU HIT*:< I * 

i ™ \ B ™ ,di V 

Temple Church Building. .Kans 
Hearst Building 

Santa Fe Office Building . -Topeka, Kans Root a 

Whitehall Building 

\\ anamaker Building Philadelphia. P. 

?i« £*?%< Buildm ^ Chicago, 111 D. H. Burnham « 

Times Building Roanoke. Va. . . in 

11-Shaplelgh Building.St. Louis, U 
tteinstock-Lubin Building. .Sacramen- 
Hamilton-Brown Building St. Louis 
New Equitable Building .. .Denver. Colo. I - 

L t o eW ?, Bulldin & Dayton. Oh. 

29th St. Realty Building .New York I Morgan 

Morgan & Wright Rubber 

r>« C °K , B i? g " '■•: Detroit. Mich. IFarlane 

Gimbel Bros. Building New York City D. H Burnham i 

n . „, PiiM/ ,. and I Kussell 

i J ^ B u, l? ne « Kans 

Bell Telephone Building . .Brookline 
Straus Studio 

Th°, P w fl /r k Building Chicago. I: Hurnham A 

The Ward-Corby Co. Build- 

* n & • • - Chicago. Ill c. B. Comstock 

Pioneer Building .. . 5 ., am 

Pope Building. Boston. M- n « 

Walnwright Building 

Benoist Building . . I». Paulus 

a .? « nil* 111 * Boston. Mass Arthur Yinal 

Arcade Building Dayton. Ol 

Fifth Ave. Office Building .New York . . , ,- nke 

Ri £mA T V**i£ S ° mCe Tacon ting 

Riebold Building Dayton. Ohio P B u Pre t- 

Foxcroft Buildlnp San Francisco. Cal . . F. 

Pillsbury Building 

Monadnock Building - j .* " 

Pacific Building 3 ' ,en 

McDonough Building - , ° et t 

Maskey Building - 

Commercial Building San Fi /£** 

Walker Building 

Strickland Building . Huteins 

Pullman Building . . R^f ok/ 

The Berry-Stroud Building Lynchburg, 

Ingalls' Office Buildlnp 

Marquette Building... 

Kansas City Star Building. K 0che 



HOTELS, CLUBS, APARTMENTS 

Claypool Hotel 

So e ?.°. a - n v 

Hotel Case, -cranton. I 



Ritz-Carlton . . 
Jefferson Hotel 



Gn 
nett 



Plaza Hot< . ne ' 1 

Windsor Hotel 

laga Hotel 
Algers Hotel ... 



LTgl 

md Hotel 
Rector . . . 
New Palac ; - 

Unlven 






Twenty-Six 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



HOTELS, CLUBS, APARTMENTS— Continued 

BULDINGS. LOCATION-* \K< II1TECTS. 

Country Club Birmingham, Ala . . Miller & Martin 

Birmingham Athletic Club. Birmingham, Ala .. Miller & Martin 

T. W. C. A Detroit, Mich Donaldson & Meier 

Warren Chambers Boston, Mass Ball & Dabney 

Belview Apartments Dayton, Ohio C, I. Williams 

North State Parkway Apta Chicago, 111 Marshall & Fox 

Courtland Apartments Lynchburg, Va. A. Chesterman 

Perry Apartments Seattle, Wash SomerviUe & Cote 

Belnord Apartments New York. N. Y H, Hobart Weeks 

Alwyn Court Apartments . s N. Y Harde & Shorte 

Astor Court Apartments .. N'^ STork, X Y..,.Chas. A. Piatt 

HOSPITALS, MUSEUMS, ETC. 

Ill II niNGS. LOCATIONS. ARCHITECTS. 

Buffalo Historic Soc, Bldg. Buffalo, N. Y Geo. Cary 

Albright Art Gallery Buffalo, N. Y Green & TV icks 

St Luke's Hospital ..Cleveland, Ohio F. W. Striebinger 

Montgomery Hospital Eau Claire. Wis C. L. Brown- 
North West Turner Hall... St. Louis, Mo John D, Paulus 

Veterinary College Detroit, Mich Xettleton, Kahn & Trow- 
bridge 

Lying-in Hospital St. Louis, Mo J. H. Randall 

Barnes Medical College St. Louis, Mo J. B. Legg & Co 

Methodist Orphan Homes . St. Louis, Mo T. B. Hannan & Son 

Monticello Seminary Godfrey, 111. . Link & Rosenhein 

Lakeside Hospital Cleveland, Ohio .... G. H Smith 

St. Elizabeth Hospital ... Dayton, Ohio J. E Kinnlnger 

West Tuberculosis Infir'y. . .New York City R- F. Almlrall 

Rensselaer Polytech. Inst . .Troy. N. Y ^ a ^l°F & Haase 

St Mary's Sanitarium Pueblo. Colo P. Mills 

Sacred Heart Hospital .... Spokane, Wash A r V?f rt Held 

Jefferson Hospital Roanoke. \ a. filler & Mahood 

St. Francis Hospital Pittsburgh. Pa ... S F. Heckert 

New German Hospital San Francisco, Cal . Herman Earth 

Hahnemann Hospital San Francisco, Cal . Meyers & Ward 

Santa Fe R. R. Hospital . . .Los Angeles, Cal W. H. Mohr 

Elliott Memorial Hospital . Minneapolis, Minn. . Wm M. Kenyon 

Psychopathic Hospital Boston, Mass Kendall, Taylor & Co. 

St John's Hospital St. Louis. Mo Barnett, Haynes & Bar- 

nett 

Hillman Hospital Birmingham, Ala . . Chas. Wheelock & Son 

St. Vincent Hospital Birmingham, Ala . . T. M. Walters 

St. Elizabeth Hospital Lincoln, Neb James Tyler. Jr. 

Provincial Mental Hospital Mt. Coqultlam, B. C.H. S. Griffith 

Home for Indigent Philadelphia, Pa Phillip H. Johnson 

Montefiore Home for Jewish 

People i ity Buchman & Fox 

State Hospital for Insane. .Chattahoochee, Fla .Bishop & Greer 

Barnes Hospital St. Louis, Mo Theo. C. Link 

Children's Hospital St. Louis, Mo Mauran. Russell & 

Crowell 

Measles Hospital New York City W. E. Austin 

Norwich Hosp'l for Insane. Norwich, Conn Cudworth & Woolworth 

Mt. St. Mai tal Niagara Falls, N. Y. W. P. Ginther 

Mount Zion Hospital San Francisco, Cal. .J. E. Krafft & Sons 

Santa Fe R. R. Hospital. . .Mulvane, Kans Jno. Yonkers 

Pa rah Morris Hospital for 

Children - Chicago, 111 Schmidt, Garden & Mar- 

tin 

Urological Hospital Baltimore, Md Archer & Allen 

Louisville Public Hospital. Louisville Ky I>- X. Murphy & Bro. 

Columbia Hospital.. Washington. D. C. . .N. C. Wyeth 

Munson State Hospital Palmer, Mass Kendall. Taylor & Co. 

Municipal Tuber Hospital .Detroit, Mich Louis Kamper 

St Mary's Hospital Philadelphia. Pa Ballinger & Perrot 

Christian Church Hospital Kansas City, Mo Henry F. Hoit 

University of Va. Hospital .Charlottesville, Va. .. Paul J. Peltz and Walter 

D. Blair 
Illinois Central Hospital. . . Chicago, 111 Schmidt, Garden & Mar- 
tin 

Detroit Receiving Hospital. Detroit, Mich J. Scott & Co. 

Roclv Dispensary Rochester, N. Y Gordon & Madden and 

William Kaelbar 









Twenty-Seven 



BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



STATIONS, THEATERS, CHURCHES 



BL1I*DIN(.v LOCATIONS. 

Union Station Kansas City, Mo. 

Michigan Central Terminal Detroit, Mich. . . . 



A. T. & S. F. Station San Diego. Cal. ... 

Union Passenger Station . . .Tampa, Fla, 

-Station Joliet, 111. . 

Union Station Pittsburgh, 

Wisconsin Central Station. .Chicago, 111 

C. & N. W. Station Chicago. Ill 

D. L. & W. Terminal Hobok 

Hudson Terminal Building. New York, N 
U. P. Headquarters Bldg...Omah^ 
Merchants Loft Bldg., 

Grand Central Terminal. N 

Symphony Auditorium.... Newarl 

Strand Theater 

New Masonic Temple Quino 

Opera House .... . enne'tt, M> 

Victoria Theater Chicago, 111 

Rialto Theater New York, . v 

Church Latter Day Saints .Independence. Kan's 

St. Adalbert's Church Chicago, 111 

2nd X'ian Science Church . Boston 



St. Louis, Mo.. . 
St. Louis, Mo.. . 
Tacoma, Wash. 
Wichita, Kans. . 



Lutheran German School 

Evangelical Jesus Church 

Norwegian Luth. Church. 

Central Christian Church 

Sacred Heart Convent St. Louis, Mo. 

Irving Park Methodist 

Church Chicago, 111. . 

Benedictine Convent of Per- 
petual Adoration Clyde. 

Convent of the Visitation . .St. L^ 



St. Paul Church and Par- 
sonage St. Louis, Mo 

St. Cecdlia's Church Englewood, N. J. 



AK< HI 1! ( 1- 

Hunt 
. Reed & Stem and 

Wan more 

. Bakewell &: Brown 
. J. F. Leitner 
.Jarvis Hunt 

ft Co. 
den 

Kenneth M. Murchison 
Clinton & Russell 
Hunt 

, Reed & Stem and War- 
ren & Wetmore 
.lis 
.Thos. W. Lamb 

John Batschy 

L. B. Blackwood 

J. Eberson 

Thos. W. Lamb 

Jas. Oliver Hogg 

Henry J Schlacks 

Cram. Goodhue A: Fer- 

rt Knell 

ruff & Constable 

• Hunby 
J. H. McNamarra 

H. B. Wheelock 

. .Rev. P. Lukas 
. Barnett. H>i 
nett 

.Chas. F. Money 
T. H. Poole M 



RESIDENCES 

OWNERS LOCAlluW \ li< II I l l.< I v 

Henry Ford ... Dearborn, Mich.. W H. Van Tine 

H. I. Cobb Chicago. Ill pr. i. Cobb 

Adolphus Busch St. Louis. Mo Widmann. Walsh & 

Boisselier 

C. G. Power- I 'ecatur. Ill R, o. Rosen 

Spreckel's House San Francisco. Cal. . Reid 7 

Jos. Grant. San Francis' 

Horace H. Irvine St. Paul. Minn. g Vhltnev 

Samuel Insull Ubertyvil i Fox 

Wooster Lambert St. Louis, M, Mauran. Russell & 



veil 

,rles 
Hollin 



Geo. M. Reynolds hicago. Ill 

?' £ Woodruff Binghamton 

C. Q. Chandler Wichita 

1 '*; rr >' • Indianapolis, Ind. . 

W. C. McElhaney 

J. McDonough Denver. Colo B. Benedict 

J. Ogden Armour Chicago. 111. . , rU n 

Kansas C11 

Louisvi man 

r Bay. L. | 

Kans;. . . .Root <\ 

Co.. Wm. E. Hu e he, ^uU. Mo. .' ' ' s8e „ . 

-eo^fon 

>tepnenson 

■R vr HM^r -man 

^X-ch Minneapolis 

August A. Busch Sranti Far,,. , Val8h 



R. A. Long 
A. T. Hun 
John A. Garver 
J. L, Loose 

J * "t^ Aylor Kansas Cit! 

Baylor. 



Twenty -Eight 





EST. I8M 










(Kee«es(emiht 










TRADE MARK 





i